Multiple Choice Identify the
choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


1.

An archer pulls back the bowstring to prepare to shoot an arrow as shown below.
She uses an average force of 40 N, moving
the bowstring 0.2 m. How much energy is stored in the bow? (MCAS
2004)


2.

At a weightlifting competition, two competitors lifted the same weight to the
same height. The second competitor accomplished the lift 2 seconds faster than the first competitor.
This demonstrated that the second competitor had more ____. (MCAS
2004)
a.  energy than the first  c.  power than the first  b.  inertia than the first  d.  work than the
first 


3.

A man ran on a treadmill for 1,800 seconds. At the end of his run, the treadmill
indicated his energy output as 240,000 J. What average power did he generate? (MCAS 2005)
a.  666 W  c.  66 W  b.  133 W  d.  7 W 


4.

Two students each carry a box up to the third floor of a building. The total
mass of each student and the box she is carrying is the same. Roberta makes the trip in 45 s while
Mary takes 30 s. Which of the following statements best describes this task? (MCAS 2006)
a.  Roberta does more total work than Mary.  b.  Mary does more total
work than Roberta.  c.  Roberta has a greater power output than
Mary.  d.  Mary has a greater power output than Roberta. 


5.

The diagram shows a motor being used to lift a
load with the use of a pulley. (MCAS 2006)
 The motor is lifting
the 6 kg box at a constant velocity. How much work is done on the box to lift it 2 m? (Assume no
resistance from the pulley.)   


6.

The motor of one car is more powerful than the motor of another car. Which of
the following must be true of the more powerful motor? (MCAS
2007)
a.  It can do work more quickly.  c.  It can burn fuel more
efficiently.  b.  It can operate for a longer time.  d.  It can store more potential
energy. 


7.

A crane lifts two 100 kg loads of building materials to the top of a building
under construction. The first load is lifted in 10 s and the second load is lifted in 13 s. Which of
the following statements best compares the work and power expended by the crane lifting the
two loads? (MCAS 2007)
a.  The crane does more work and expends more power for the first
lift.  b.  The crane does the same work and expends the same power for each
lift.  c.  The crane does the same work for each lift but expends more power for the first
lift.  d.  The crane does more work in the second lift but expends the same power for each lift.



8.

How much power is required to carry a 35 N package a vertical distance of 18 m
if the work on the package is accomplished in 30 s? (MCAS
2008)
a.  16 W  c.  58 W  b.  21 W  d.  630 W 


9.

Which of the following is the best example of work being done on an
object? (MCAS 2009)
a.  holding a 50 kg barbell  c.  keeping a board in
place  b.  lifting a bag of groceries  d.  pushing on a car that will not move 


10.

Four students of different weights timed themselves walking up a set of stairs.
Their data are shown below. Which student used the most power
while walking up the stairs? (MCAS 2009)
a.  student W  c.  student Y  b.  student X  d.  student Z 


11.

A man applies a force of 100 N to a rock for 60 seconds, but the rock does not
move. What is the amount of work done by the man on the rock? (MCAS
2009)
a.  0.0 J  c.  100 J  b.  6.0 J  d.  6000 J 


12.

In a competition, weightlifter 1 lifts a 100 kg weight from the floor.
Weightlifter 2 also lifts a 100 kg weight to the same height above the floor, but takes a longer time
to do so. Which of the following statements describes the work done and the power used by the
weightlifters? (MCAS 2010)
a.  Weightlifter 2 does the same work and uses less power compared with weightlifter
1.  b.  Weightlifter 2 does less work and uses the same power compared with weightlifter
1.  c.  Weightlifter 2 does the same work and uses more power compared with weightlifter
1.  d.  Weightlifter 2 does more work and uses the same power compared with weightlifter
1. 


13.

A person is using a force of 200 N to push a box. How much power does the person
need to push the box a distance of 4 m in 10 s? (MCAS 2010)
a.  40 W  c.  200 W  b.  80 W  d.  500 W 


14.

If 10^{5} J of energy is used in 10^{3} s, what is the average
power consumption in watts? (MCAS 2011)
a.  10^{2} W  c.  10^{11} W  b.  10^{8} W  d.  10^{15}
W 


15.

A rock climber weighs 550 N and is carrying a backpack that weighs 50 N. How
much total work has been done after she climbs 12 m? (MCAS
2011)
a.  50 J  c.  6000 J  b.  600 J  d.  7200 J 


16.

A 1000 kg automobile is traveling at an initial speed of 20 m/s. It is brought
to a complete stop in 5 s over a distance of 50 m. What is the work done in stopping the automobile?
(MCAS 2012)
a.  10,000 J  c.  50,000 J  b.  40,000 J  d.  200,000 J 


17.

An electric fan has a power output of 60 W. How much work is done if the fan
operates for 120 s? (MCAS 2013)
a.  0.5 J  c.  120 J  b.  60 J  d.  7200 J 


18.

An athlete is training for a race by performing timed trials of sprints up a
staircase. Which set of variables most directly affects the athlete’s power? (MCAS 2013)
a.  body weight, height climbed, width of steps  b.  body weight, time
spent climbing, width of steps  c.  height climbed, time spent climbing, body
weight  d.  height climbed, time spent climbing, width of steps 


19.

A book weighing 18.0 N is lifted from the floor and placed on a shelf 1.5 m
high. What is the minimum amount of work required to accomplish this task? (MCAS 2014)
a.  12 J  c.  120 J  b.  27 J  d.  270 J 

Essay


20.

Two athletes are lifting weights. Athlete X lifts 445 N a distance of 2 m in 4
s. Athlete Y lifts 445 N a distance of 2 m in 1 s. Assume that each athlete lifts the weights over
his head the same distance from the floor. (MCAS 2009)a. Calculate the amount of work each athlete
does. Show your calculations and include units in your answer. b.
Compare the amounts of work done by the two athletes. Explain your answer. c.
Calculate the power each athlete uses. Show your calculations
and include units in your answer. d. Compare the power used by
athlete X with the power used by athlete Y. Explain your answer.


21.

A student lifts a 10.0 kg box from the floor at a constant speed to a shelf that
is 1.5 m above the floor. (MCAS 2012)
a. Construct a freebody force diagram that
represents the forces acting on the box when it is 1.0 m above the floor. Be sure to label your
diagram. (* See Ch. 5  Forces in Equilibrium) b. Explain how you
know that work is being done on the box, and how the work results in a change in the energy of the
box. c. Calculate the amount of work done on the box and the change
in potential energy of the box. Show your calculations and include units in your answer.


22.

A 50 kg student climbs 3 m to the top of a set of stairs. (MCAS 2014)a.
Calculate the change in the student’s gravitational potential
energy from the bottom to the top of the stairs. Show your calculations and include units in your
answer. b. How much total work does the student do while climbing
the stairs? Show your calculations or explain your reasoning. Include units in your answer.
It takes the student 30 s to climb to the top of the stairs. c. What is the average power generated by the
student climbing the stairs? Show your calculations and include units in your answer.
The next day the student carries a 10 kg backpack up the same stairs and again takes 30
s to reach the top of the stairs. d.
Is the average power you calculated in part (c) greater than, less
than, or equal to the average power the student generated the next day? Explain your
answer.
